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Impacts of Artificial Intelligence and Its Potential for Pakistan

In today’s rapidly evolving world, advanced countries are grappling with the integration of generative artificial intelligence (AI) into various sectors. It won’t be long before the rest of the world follows suit. This transformative technology has the power to revolutionize the way we think and act, presenting both opportunities and challenges for countries like Pakistan.

The development of AI has been underway for the past 15-20 years, and its current manifestation, such as ChatGPT, has gained popularity. AI is being employed in services like Netflix, military applications, driverless cars, and more. However, like any technological advancement, AI carries both positive and negative consequences depending on its application, much like nuclear or space technologies.

One crucial aspect to evaluate is the impact of AI on the economy and job market. While certain jobs may become redundant, employees will need to acquire new skills and educational backgrounds. This shift can have consequences for the average person, as many might face unemployment. However, optimizing supply chain programs can strengthen the economy.

In Pakistan, companies like Daraz, Food Panda, Careem, Uber, Bykea are already leveraging various AI tools to enhance their daily operations and logistics management, leading to increased revenue and growth. It is hoped that other companies, as well as government and private institutions, regardless of their size, will embrace this technology to improve efficiency and remain competitive.

To prevent potential misuse and societal confusion, proper legislation must be in place for AI technology. Facial recognition should be implemented as a means of user identification. Concerns have been raised about dictatorships and autocratic governments using AI to target civilians who don’t conform to their ideologies or political agendas. Countries with social credit systems could exploit AI to favor or target individuals, groups, private entities, or even governments based on their alignment with the regime.

A recent article in The New York Times highlights the risks associated with AI and emphasizes the concerns expressed by over 350 technology executives, researchers, and academics regarding its existential dangers. AI, much like nuclear or space technologies, has the potential to serve humanity or lead to its destruction.

On the positive side, AI can facilitate personalized shopping, mass introduction of autonomous vehicles, improved discourse and content creation, fraud prevention, automated administrative tasks in education, personalized learning, and advancements in medicine for new treatments.

In the financial sector, AI can boost profits and aid in the efficient utilization of funds while detecting fraud and embezzlement. Proper use of AI, combined with compliance, can enhance risk audit procedures and reduce potential losses. It is essential to educate the workforce about AI technology, with expectations that AI will be taught in colleges. However, introducing AI in various sectors must be accompanied by education on its use and benefits. Developing a culture that promotes efficiency and integrity in governance and program management is crucial. Collaborative systems are likely to benefit more from AI utilization. It is also worth exploring how other countries are using AI and reaping its benefits.

To remain competitive, Pakistan must foster a widespread understanding of AI technology while raising awareness about the risks of its misuse. The government should consider whether AI governance falls under the purview of the Ministry of Information or if a separate entity should manage it. Organizing seminars and conferences to build awareness regarding AI applications and potential hazards is crucial.

Similar to cybersecurity regulations, Pakistan should introduce AI legislation in consultation with experts and study legal frameworks in other countries. Building a pool of legal experts well-versed in AI sector laws should be seriously considered. Currently, no specific legislation pertaining to AI development or usage has been introduced by the UN or any other international organization.

Presently, Pakistan relies heavily on AI developments from other countries. However, it is in the national interest for the government to promote its development and adoption in specific sectors to achieve efficiency and reduce costs. Ensuring effective oversight to prevent misuse and safeguard against foreign interference is equally critical.

The extent to which engineers, doctors, and other professionals become more dependent on AI and whether it improves their skills and competence remains unclear. Ultimately, it will depend on how AI is developed and utilized for the benefit of individuals and society as a whole.

Economic Analysis over the news article by MR. Shayan

Analysis: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Pakistan


The rapid development and integration of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies have far-reaching implications for countries around the world. This analysis explores the potential effects of AI on Pakistan across various sectors, highlighting both opportunities and challenges.

a. Economic Transformation

  1. Boosting Efficiency: Integrating AI into industries such as e-commerce, logistics, and transportation can enhance operational efficiency, leading to increased productivity and competitiveness.
  2. Job Market Disruption: AI adoption may lead to certain job roles becoming redundant. The government should focus on implementing reskilling and upskilling initiatives to mitigate unemployment and ensure a smooth transition for the workforce.
  3. Start-up Ecosystem: AI presents opportunities for Pakistani start-ups to develop innovative solutions and contribute to the country’s economic growth. Encouraging entrepreneurship and providing support to AI-focused start-ups can foster innovation and attract investment.

b. Education and Skills Development

  1. AI Curriculum: Introducing AI education in schools and universities can equip students with the necessary knowledge and skills for future job market demands. It will help build a talent pool proficient in AI technologies and promote Pakistan’s competitiveness in the global AI landscape.
  2. Lifelong Learning: Continuous learning programs and initiatives should be established to enable professionals to adapt to the changing job market requirements brought about by AI. Upskilling and reskilling opportunities can ensure the workforce remains relevant and competitive.

c. Governance and Public Services

  1. Efficiency and Transparency: AI can streamline government processes, improve service delivery, and enhance citizen engagement. Applications such as automated administrative tasks, fraud detection, and personalized services can enhance efficiency and transparency in public services.
  2. Smart Cities: Leveraging AI technologies can contribute to the development of smart cities in Pakistan, enhancing urban planning, transportation systems, energy management, and public safety.

d. Healthcare and Biotechnology:

  1. Disease Diagnosis and Treatment: AI can assist in diagnosing and treating diseases by analyzing vast amounts of medical data and patterns. It can aid in early detection, personalized medicine, and drug discovery, potentially revolutionizing healthcare in Pakistan.
  2. Telemedicine: AI-powered telemedicine solutions can bridge the healthcare accessibility gap, particularly in remote areas, by enabling remote consultations and diagnosis, reducing costs, and improving healthcare outcomes.

e. Ethical and Regulatory Considerations:

  1. Data Privacy and Security: With the increased reliance on AI, protecting personal data and ensuring cybersecurity become paramount. The government should establish robust regulations and frameworks to safeguard privacy and prevent data breaches.
  2. Ethical AI Practices: Ensuring AI algorithms and systems are developed and deployed ethically is essential to prevent biases, discrimination, and misuse. Pakistan should encourage the development of AI guidelines and standards that prioritize fairness, transparency, and accountability.


The integration of AI technologies presents numerous opportunities and challenges for Pakistan. Embracing AI can transform the economy, improve public services, advance healthcare, and enhance education. However, it requires careful planning, investment in education and skills development, and the establishment of robust ethical and regulatory frameworks. By embracing AI strategically, Pakistan can position itself as a competitive player in the global AI landscape and reap the benefits of this transformative technology.

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